5 cases of monkey pox disease recorded in Ghana

Ghana's health ministry confirmed five instances of the monkeypox virus on Wednesday (8 June). 

Monkeypox is a rare but potentially fatal viral virus spread by direct touch with bodily fluid or monkeypox lesions. 

Dr Patrick Kuma-Aboagye, the director-general of the Ghana Health Service (GHS), told the media on Wednesday that no deaths have been reported in the five instances so far. 

Since the outbreak in Europe began on May 24, we have screened 12 suspected cases in Ghana. We have confirmed five cases in three regions – Eastern, Western, and Greater Accra – where the five cases were located; no one has died as a result of the cases," he stated. 

"One of the instances was reported in a Ghanaian who traveled to the United States from Ghana; he may have picked it up here," the GHS director noted. 

Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana (only in animals), Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, and South Sudan are nations where monkeypox is endemic. 

Outbreaks of the monkeypox virus can be contained. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) claims that monkeypox may be contained in nations outside of Africa where the virus is rarely detected. 

In Europe, the Americas, and Australia, more than 100 instances of the virus, which causes a rash and a fever, have been verified. 

Although the number is projected to continue to climb, experts say the overall risk to the general public is quite low. 

The virus is especially frequent in Central and West Africa's rural areas. 

At a news conference on Monday, the WHO's emerging disease chief, Maria Van Kerkhove, said, "This is a containable crisis." 

"We'd like to put an end to human-to-human transmission." She went on to say, "We can do this in non-endemic nations," referring to recent cases in Europe and North America. 

Outside of Africa, the virus has now been found in 16 nations. 

Monkeypox can not travel easily between individuals, despite being the largest outbreak outside of Africa in 50 years, and specialists warn the hazard is not equivalent to the coronavirus pandemic. 

"Transmission occurs primarily through skin-to-skin contact, and the majority of those who have been detected have a minor condition," Ms Van Kerkhove explained. 

Following prior discussion about the source of the latest outbreak, another WHO official emphasized that there was no proof the monkeypox virus had evolved. 

Viruses in this group "tend not to change and are fairly stable," according to Rosamund Lewis, WHO's smallpox secretariat director. 

Meanwhile, a senior EU health expert has warned that certain people are more vulnerable than others. 

"The possibility of dissemination in the general population is extremely minimal," said Dr Andrea Ammon of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 

"However, the risk of the virus spreading further through intimate contact, such as during sexual activities among people who have several sexual partners, is significant." 

Although monkeypox has never been identified as a sexually transmitted infection, it can be transmitted by direct touch during sex. 

Countries should reassess the availability of the smallpox vaccination, which is equally effective against monkeypox, according to Dr. Ammon. 

Authorities in the United Kingdom, where 57 cases have been reported, are encouraging anyone who has had close contact with a confirmed case to isolate for 21 days. 

If a person has had household or sexual contact with someone who has monkeypox, or has changed an infected person's bedding without wearing personal protective equipment, they are regarded to be at high risk of contracting the disease (PPE). 

The symptoms, which include a high temperature, pains, and a rash of raised areas that evolve into blisters, are usually moderate and go away in two to four weeks for the majority of people.

Source: Kofitutu.com

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